MacArthur Fellows Speaker Series 2015

 Exceptional Creativity, Signicant Accomplishment, Boundless Potential

The University of Arizona’s MacArthur Fellows exemplify exceptional creativity, significant accomplishment, and boundless potential. From neuroscience and astronomy to linguistics, ethnobotany, and anthropology, these scholars are changing the world for the better. This speaker series explores and celebrates the innovation and impact of our MacArthur Fellows' work.

The MacArthur Fellows Program, an initiative of the MacArthur Foundation, awards unrestricted fellowships of $625,000 to talented individuals who have shown extraordinary originality and dedication in their creative pursuits and a marked capacity for self-direction. There are three criteria for selection of Fellows: exceptional creativity, promise for important future advances based on a track record of significant accomplishment, and potential for the fellowship to facilitate subsequent creative work.

This speaker series ran in Spring 2015 at the Cesar E. Chavez Building, Room 111, 1110 E James E Rogers Way, from 5:30 PM to 6:30 PM.

MacArthur Fellows Speaker Series Date Link (click to go to the session): January 29, February 26, March 12, March 26, April 30

Videos are available for all but Dr. Strausfeld's talk.

 

January 29: Dr. Nicholas Strausfeld, Department of Neuroscience and Center for Insect Science, MacArthur Fellow Class of 1995

Portrait of Nicolas Strausfeld

Dr. Strausfeld's work has been critical in understanding how flies see and maneuver, and how their head movements are related to their flight behavior during steering. His research focuses on the analysis of higher brain centers in insects and employs structural features of the brains of invertebrates for investigating their phylogenetic relationships. His studies of insect neuroanatomy have implications for basic and biomedical research. For a full overview visit http://www.macfound.org/fellows/525/.

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February 26: Dr. Olivier Guyon, Department of Astronomy and College of Optical Sciences, MacArthur Fellow Class of 2012

Portrait of Prof. Olivier GuyonPhoto: MacArthur Foundation

Dr. Guyon is using his expertise in optics to enhance the capabilities of telescopes exploring some of the most compelling issues in contemporary astronomy. His work has also expanded the capabilities of amateur astronomers to participate in the field. For a full overview, visit http://www.macfound.org/fellows/866/.

UA News feature from October 2012 on Dr. Guyon by Daniel Stolte: UA MacArthur Fellow Brings Alien Worlds to Your Backyard

Talk Title: "Observing Exoplanets and Looking for Life around other Stars"

Talk Abstract: The first exoplanet around a Sun-like stars was identified 20yr ago, and we are now finding exoplanets at an accelerating pace thanks to recent technological advances. In the last years, astronomers have found that potentially habitable planets (rocky planets about as massive as Earth, located at the right distance from their host star to sustain liquid water) are abundant, with one such planet around 10% to 50% of stars. Finding and studying habitable planets around nearby stars is a formidable challenge, but is rapidly becoming possible, with both space-based telescopes free of atmospheric disturbances and the upcoming generation of extremely large telescopes on the ground. To directly image and study habitable planets around nearby stars requires exotic optical systems, tuned to reject the bright starlight to observe a planet millions to billions times fainter. I will show how such systems are using new optics tricks, and are now coming online. I will also briefly introduce project PANOPTES, a citizen science effort to crowdsource exoplanet finding using a network of small robotic wide field cameras. Project PANOPTES, soon to be launched, will enable schools, amateur astronomers and citizen scientists to discover with small cameras exoplanets that will then be studied with the largest space and ground telescopes.

 

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March 12: Dr. Gary Nabhan, Univeristy of Arizona Southwest Center, MacArthur Fellow Class of 1990

Portrait of Prof. Gary Nabhan

Dr. Nabhan is an ethnobotanist and writer whose studies on indigenous farming, wild-food gathering, and land management focus on conserving ancient cultural traditions. His research projects in the Tucson community and Southwest include involvement with University of Arizona Southwest Center and Edible Baja Arizona. For more information on Dr. Nabhan, visit his website at www.garynabhan.com.

Arizona Public Media Interview, April 23, 2015: https://www.azpm.org/p/home-featured/2015/4/23/62204-macarthur-fellow-ga...

Talk Title: "Seeds, Sown by Hand: Conservation You Can Taste"

Talk Abstract: In this slide lecture and reading from a forthcoming work, Nabhan will illustrate how natural science, the arts and faith come together in his current collaborations with artists, photographers and other writers. He will also discuss Tucson's hosting of the first International Seed Library Forum, four decades after Tucsonans hosted the Seed Banks Serving People Forum that coalesced a global seed saving movement. The impact of this movement is that there are now four times as much food biodiversity reaching American tables as there was a quarter century ago. The point is not merely that better science communications have emerged out of such interdisciplinary collaborations but the issues themselves have been re-contextualized so that they engage a broader range of stakeholders.

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March 26: Dr. Ofelia Zepeda, Department of Linguistics and Department of American Indian Studies, MacArthur Fellow Class of 1999

Portrait of Prof. Ofelia Zepeda

Dr. Zepeda is a linguist, poet, and community leader devoted to preserving Native American languages and to revitalizing tribal cultures. She has earned national, regional, and campus accolades for her work with Native American communities and graduate students. For more information on Dr. Zepeda's work, visit http://www.macfound.org/fellows/630/.

Link to short radio piece by Arizona Public Media published on April 13, 2015: https://www.azpm.org/s/29783-macarthur-fellow-ofelia-zepeda/

Link to March 24, 2015 Lo Que Pasa article featuring Dr. Ofelia Zepeda: http://uaatwork.arizona.edu/lqp/regents-professor-works-preserve-native-...

Talk Title: A model in Language education, training and advocacy: The American Indian Language Development Institute

Talk Abstract: AILDI has had an important role nationally and internationally in developing and promoting some of the "best practices" in many areas of language teaching and training for Native American languages.  AILDI has been critical in working with endangered language communities in supporting their efforts to maintain or revitalize their languages. The presentation will be a brief overview of the American Indian Language Development Institute as a unique model for training educators of Native American languages and as an advocate for languages.

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April 30: Dr. Brackette Williams, School of Anthropology, MacArthur Fellow Class of 1997

Dr. Brackette Williams is a cultural anthropologist who studies connections between cultural identity and social relationships as they relate to criminal justice, race, and class. For more information on Dr. Williams work, please visit http://www.macfound.org/fellows/569/.

Link to short radio piece by Arizona Public Media published on April 7, 2015: https://www.azpm.org/s/29555-macarthur-fellow-brackette-williams/

Talk Title: Sleeping-Death Protocol in Search of Classificatory Life

Talk Abstract:

Last January, Ohio was the first state to use the combination of midazolam and hydromorphone when it executed Dennis McGuire for the 1993 rape and murder of a pregnant woman. McGuire’s execution took 25 minutes and witnesses said he gasped and seized for 15 of those minutes. A federal judge in May ordered a halt to Ohio executions to give attorneys for condemned inmates time to prepare challenges to the state’s new plans for lethal injections. (Palmer, K. Rueters, Jan. 30, 2015)

Based on evidence gathered during my MacArthur Fellowship, I will offer some thoughts on the relation between two questions 1) Why do we care how we put to death persons, who, by other classificatory means, we adjudicate as having proven themselves life unworthy of life? 2) If the death penalty were abolished, what might ethnographic answers to this question predict for change or continuity of classificatory processes for capital punishment, for which death penalty sentencing is a part, rather than the whole? I will close by considering what the project contributed to understanding relations between the inherent arbitrariness of classification, as a necessary and unavoidable cognitive tool, and decisive arbitrariness, as naturalized power of formal classification schemes that canalize cognitive processes in ways that reduce the range of possibilities for making and using exemplars and prototypes while increasing the range and dominance of stereotyping.

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For more information please call 621-0580 or email bradshad@email.arizona.edu.

Last updated 6 Jul 2016